Transferring files

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Getting started


[edit] Default files and directories

There are a number of files that are created automatically along with your Toolserver account.

File / directory Description This file (see contains information about you (name, e-mail address, etc.). It is used to generate a listing here.
.forward This file contains the e-mail address to which system e-mail (e.g. cron) will forward.
.my.cnf This file contains your username and password to access the SQL databases.
public_html/ This directory is the web-accessible directory that loads when you visit
Note: Because this directory is directly accessible from the Internet, it should not contain any non-public information such as passwords.

[edit] Transferring files

To transfer files to the Toolserver, you can either connect through the command-line interface or via a GUI. The Toolserver uses SSH, which supports two file transfer protocols: SCP and SFTP. SCP is useful for transferring a single file or directory, while SFTP provides a more FTP-like interface (although the implementation is completely different from FTP). A list of SFTP clients for various operating systems is available here.

[edit] SFTP

Most Unix-like operating systems include the OpenSSH SSH client, which provides the sftp program, a simple command-line interface to SFTP.

To use it, run:

sftp <user>@<server>

Then enter the passphrase for your private SSH key. You will be presented with an SFTP command prompt; type help to list the available commands.

To connect using SFTP and a GUI program, you will need to use the following information:

  • Protocol: SFTP
  • Port: 22
  • Server: <server> (see login servers)
  • Username: your username
  • Password: You will need to configure your client to use your SSH key.

[edit] SCP

For SCP, OpenSSH includes the scp program. This is an SSH version of the rcp command; it copies a single file or directory to or from a remote system (or between two remote systems).

To copy filename from your local computer to Toolserver, run

scp filename <server>

You can also specify the directory or filename for the destination file:

scp filename <server> (specify the directory)
scp filename <server> (specify the filename)

To copy from toolserver to your local computer, run

scp <server> . ("." means the current directory)

[edit] Suggested clients

  • WinSCP (Windows)
  • FileZilla
  • OpenSSH provides 'scp' and 'sftp' commands, described above
  • SecureCRT built-in SFTP client (Windows)
  • lftp (Unix, command-line)
  • Transmit (Mac)
  • Cyberduck (Mac)
  • Coda (Mac)

[edit] See also

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